Banking General Awareness Political Science SSC SSC Notes

United Nations and its Organs

Organs of United Nations and their Functions

The main objective of the United Nations is to make the world a better place by peacemaking, by preventing conflict between nations, providing humanitarian assistance. It also provides financial help to the developing countries.

All the primary organs (four out of five) except the International Court of Justice (Hague, Netherlands) are located in the New York.

Knowledge Booster: U. Thant of Myanmar was 1st secretary general of the UN from Asia.

Main Organs of the United Nations

The Charter of the United Nations was signed on 26 June 1945, in San Francisco. The UN Charter established six principal organs that serve different functions.

The 6 principal Organs are-

  1. The General Assembly
  2. The Security Council
  3. The Economic and Social Council
  4. The International Court of Justice
  5. The Secretariat
  6. The Trusteeship Council (Operation Suspended in 1994)

Note- In 1994, The Trusteeship Council was suspended from its work. So, at present there are only five (5) Principal Organs.

Main Agencies of the UN

  • UNICEF (The United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund)
  • WHO (The World Health Organisation)
  • FAO (The Food and Agriculture Organisation)
  • ILO (The International Labour Organisation)
  • UNESCO (The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Fund)
  • World Bank

UNICEF (The United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund)

  • It was established in 1946 for child victims of the Second World War.
  • Now provides aid for children in underdeveloped countries.
  • Runs various programmes like child education, health care and family and child welfare.

WHO (The World Health Organisation)

  • It was established in 7th April 1948.
  • Headquarter is in Geneva, Switzerland.
  • It helps in preventing epidemics, helps in fighting against diseases like malaria and, provides medical relief.

ILO (The International Labour Organisation)

  • It was established in 1919.
  • Headquarter is in Geneva, Switzerland.
  • Provides care and facilities to the labourers.

FAO (The Food and Agriculture Organisation)

  • Its aim is to defeat hunger.
  • It is the largest of all the UN agencies.
  • Headquarter is in Rome, Italy.

World Bank

  • Headquarter is in Washington, D.C.
  • It lends funds to help countries with their different programmes like transport, communication etc.

UNESCO (The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Fund)

  • It was established in 1945.
  • Headquarter is in Paris, France.
  • Works towards improving the lives of people through education.
  • Provides special scientific and cultural training to backward countries.

Some Major Achievements of the Organisation

  • Played key role in settling disputes between nations like India and Pakistan, or Iran and Iraq.
  • Played remarkable role in arms control and the peaceful use of atomic energy.
  • It has been providing food to victims of various emergencies.
  • It helps developing nations to fight against poverty, illiteracy and diseases.
  • it has helped in promoting independence and democracy in many nations.
  • It has been able to provide better working conditions for agricultural and industry workers.
  • Has helped in improving cultural cooperation among nations.

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