Political Science SSC

Sources of Indian Constitution and Provisions

We know that on the recommendation of Cabinet Mission, the Indian Constituent Assembly was framed to develop the Constitution of India.

Constituent Assembly was constituted in November 1946.

Since, Our Constitution was framed by considering the features from different sources, many call it a copy paste work.

As to the accusation that the Draft Constitution has reproduced a good part of the provisions of the Government of India Act, 1935, I make no apologies. There is nothing to be ashamed of in borrowing. It involves no plagiarism. Nobody holds any patent rights in the fundamental ideas of a Constitution.”said the chairman of drafting committee Dr. B.R. Ambedkar.


The Provisions that are made in Indian Constitution has been adopted from the constitution of Different Countries.

List of Countries 

Note – The 1935 Government of India Act has maximum effect to the Indian Constitution.

UK

The Important provisions made are –

  1. Parliamentary form of Government
  2. Parliamentary Priviledge
  3. Single Citizenship
  4. Bicameral Legislative
  5. Constitutional Condition of President
  6. Law making System
  7. Rule of Law

United States of America

The Important provisions made are –

  1. Fundamental Rights
  2. Impeachment
  3. Idea of Preamble
  4. Post of Vice-President
  5. Supremacy of the Constitution
  6. Organisation of Supreme Court and its  Power
  7. Judicial Review

Russia

The Important provisions made are –

  1. Fundamental Duties
  2. Ideal of Justice (Social, Economic & Political) in our Preamble

France

The Important provisions made are –

  1. Republic
  2. Idea of Liberty and Equality

Ireland

The Important provisions made are –

  1. Directive Principles of State Policy
  2. Election process of the President
  3. Nomination in Rajya Sabha

Germany

The Important provisions made are –

  1. Emergency

Australia

The Important provisions made are –

  1. Concurrent List
  2. Freedom of trade and commerce within the country and between the states

Canada

The Important provisions made are –

  1. Federal System

South Africa

The Important provisions made are –

  1. Constitutional Amendment

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